How to help kids to learn Language
Language is a big part of each child’s daily life. It is a necessary skill to be ready for their future learning and work. So, how can you help your child to develop good foundational language skills and prepare them for the future?
Child’s Mother Tongue Learning:
0-5岁是儿童学习语言的关键期。研究表明， 儿童在此期间大脑快速生长，相比于成年人他们更易于接受和学习新事物。0-5岁期间，儿童学习语言的主要方式是与别人的社交互动, 其中家长和同伴都承担着相当重要的角色。
We know that from the ages of 0 to 5 years old children are developing key language skills. At this age children’s brains grow fast and they can adapt to new knowledge and skills more quickly than adults. Children learn languages through interaction with other people. At this age a child’s parents, family and friends are important role models for learning language.
As a parent, how can you help your child to develop their language skills?
· give positive feedback to your child using any language (such as actions, a sounds, single words, non-verbal as well as oral).
· ask open ended questions, because these kinds of questions can encourage your child to generate their own opinions and improve their expression skills.
· read a story with your child and ask questions about the story.
· 和孩子一起表演故事，鼓励他们使用自己／书中的语言去表达，给孩子提供大量使用语言的机会, 体会语言表达情感的作用
· role play about the story you have read and encourage them to use their language or the character’s language. This provides opportunities for using language and feeling the emotion in the language.
· engage in every day conversations with your child. Not serious talk, but everyday observations and experiences; this can happen when you are doing handy crafts , cleaning rooms or taking a walk with your child. This is a good chance to develop your child’s expression skills, it also helps you to know your child better and builds up a strong and close relationship with your child.
· please turn off the television. Some parents may think that kids can learn from TV, but the fact is that the child learns things from interactions with people and the environment. TV can not communicate with your child, so the learning is very limited.
· play games and sing with your child. When children do these kinds of activities they use language more and they learn more because they are involved.
· do not stop your child pretending to “read” or “draw”. These actions may not seem important to you, but to your child it is really important. It is actually necessary practice for their future reading, hand writing, writing and expression. You can prepare their own chalk board/ white board/paper wall to encourage them to make marks and begin the writing process.
· take any chance to develop your child’s language skills. Before shopping in the supermarket, let your child help you to make a shopping list. This allows them to notice that language is useful. This modelling can motivate them.
· avoid correcting your child all the time. Can you imagine the feeling that whenever you try to do something new, someone tells you it is wrong (“You need to do this or you need to do that”) would you still want to try? Children respond to support and encouragement . If you are concerned about their grammar mistakes or sentences are not complete, please do not worry about it. Children can learn and self-correct through modelling.
let your child play with their peers as much as they can. They can learn more from them! Peers are a child’s teacher too!
Language learning is a gradual and slow process. You may not see the obvious results in a short time, but when your child starts learning at school, you will find out that the child who is good at expression and oral language enjoys written language, this fosters a love of books, This helps them to develop comprehension skills while speaking and reading and they can connect to the content faster. This all contributes to supporting your child in learning languages.