如何帮助幼儿学习语言 How to help kids to learn Language

 

 

如何帮助幼儿学习语言

How to help kids to learn Language

对于每个孩子来说,语言是他们生活中必不可少的一部分,是他们今后学习和工作的必要工具。那么如何帮助您的孩子在小的时候就打好语言基础,为以后的学习做好充分的准备呢?

Language is a big part of each child’s daily life. It is a necessary skill to be ready for their future learning and work. So, how can you help your child to develop good foundational language skills and prepare them for the future?

我们先来说一说幼儿母语的学习吧:

Child’s Mother Tongue Learning:

0-5岁是儿童学习语言的关键期。研究表明, 儿童在此期间大脑快速生长,相比于成年人他们更易于接受和学习新事物。0-5岁期间,儿童学习语言的主要方式是与别人的社交互动, 其中家长和同伴都承担着相当重要的角色。

We know that from the ages of 0 to 5 years old children are developing key language skills. At this age children’s brains grow fast and they can adapt to new knowledge and skills more quickly than adults. Children learn languages through interaction with other people. At this age a child’s parents, family and friends are important role models for learning language.

作为家长,我们怎样帮助孩子发展他们的语言呢?

As a parent, how can you help your child to develop their language skills?

您可以,

You can:

· 当孩子使用任何语言(包括动作,表达意愿的声音,简单的字词)表达时,请您及时提供积极的反馈

· give positive feedback to your child using any language (such as actions, a sounds, single words, non-verbal as well as oral).

· 向孩子提出的问题应多是开放式问题,这样的问题能引导孩子对事物产生自己的看法,进一步提高孩子的表达能力

· ask open ended questions, because these kinds of questions can encourage your child to generate their own opinions and improve their expression skills.

· 和孩子一起读故事,并就故事内容提出相关问题

· read a story with your child and ask questions about the story.

· 和孩子一起表演故事,鼓励他们使用自己/书中的语言去表达,给孩子提供大量使用语言的机会, 体会语言表达情感的作用

· role play about the story you have read and encourage them to use their language or the character’s language. This provides opportunities for using language and feeling the emotion in the language.

· 每天和孩子谈谈心,这种谈心不必是那种坐下来郑重其事的谈话,可以是和孩子一起做做手工,或一起打扫房间,或一起出去散步,这个机会不仅可以帮助孩子提高表达自己的能力,还可以帮助您更好地了解您的孩子,同时也建立起您和孩子的亲密关系

· engage in every day conversations with your child. Not serious talk, but everyday observations and experiences; this can happen when you are doing handy crafts , cleaning rooms or taking a walk with your child. This is a good chance to develop your child’s expression skills, it also helps you to know your child better and builds up a strong and close relationship with your child.

· 请您关掉电视机,有些家长可能认为孩子会从电视节目上学到东西,可是对于小孩子来说,他们是通过与人或环境的互动中来学习的,电视跟他们是没有互动的,学习十分有限

· please turn off the television. Some parents may think that kids can learn from TV, but the fact is that the child learns things from interactions with people and the environment. TV can not communicate with your child, so the learning is very limited.

· 和孩子一起玩游戏,唱儿歌,在与孩子做这些事情的时候孩子积极性高,语言互动最多,是孩子锻炼发展语言的最佳机会

· play games and sing with your child. When children do these kinds of activities they use language more and they learn more because they are involved.

· 不要禁止孩子的自翻自阅,和随意乱画(如果不想墙面弄脏,可以为他提供一些纸或小白板,或是黑板墙),这些在你眼里看起来毫无意义的活动,其实就是为儿童日后的阅读、书写和写作方面做准备

· do not stop your child pretending to “read” or “draw”. These actions may not seem important to you, but to your child it is really important. It is actually necessary practice for their future reading, hand writing, writing and expression. You can prepare their own chalk board/ white board/paper wall to encourage them to make marks and begin the writing process.

· 充分利用日常生活中的每一个机会来学习,去超市购物,让孩子帮助您列一个儿童版的购物清单,让他们意识到语言的用处,当幼儿觉得有用处的时候,他会更积极地学习语言

· take any chance to develop your child’s language skills. Before shopping in the supermarket, let your child help you to make a shopping list. This allows them to notice that language is useful. This modelling can motivate them.

· 不要一直纠正孩子,想象一下当你每次做出尝试时,总是有人告诉你做得不对,你应该这样不应该那样,你还会有兴趣进行吗?儿童更乐于接受帮助和鼓励。如果您很担心孩子在语言上运用的错误会持续下去的话,那么您大可放心,儿童会通过生活中的示范,意识到自己表达中的失误,并学会自动更正

· avoid correcting your child all the time. Can you imagine the feeling that whenever you try to do something new, someone tells you it is wrong (“You need to do this or you need to do that”) would you still want to try? Children respond to support and encouragement . If you are concerned about their grammar mistakes or sentences are not complete, please do not worry about it. Children can learn and self-correct through modelling.

· 不要忘记,同伴也是孩子的老师,让孩子尽情地和他的小伙伴们玩耍吧,他们会学到的更多!

let your child play with their peers as much as they can. They can learn more from them! Peers are a child’s teacher too!

 

 

语言的学习是逐渐累积的,也许一两个月内您不会看到效果,但是当孩子进入小学以后,你会发现小时候善于表达,阅读丰富的孩子,他们的理解能力更强,掌握内容更快,第二外语的学习也会更好。

Language learning is a gradual and slow process. You may not see the obvious results in a short time, but when your child starts learning at school, you will find out that the child who is good at expression and oral language enjoys written language, this fosters a love of books, This helps them to develop comprehension skills while speaking and reading and they can connect to the content faster. This all contributes to supporting your child in learning languages.